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Sunday, December 21, 2014

How Egypt Jump Started Civilization

Around 10,000 BC human beings around Egypt (known to the people of "Egypt" as "Kemet", the word "Egypt" coms from "Aegyptos") were the first to ever map the stars. The location of this "Map" is known as Nabta Playa.
Around the Time of Nabta Playa it was not actually Egypt that was doing things, it was Nubia. There was a Kingdom known as the Kerma Kingdom, it is at LEAST 9,500 years old and is deeper in Africa than Egypt is. They had lived in this area for tens of thousands of years, but at this time there were buried dwellings, graves and tools.

No one is absolutely sure how the first people to map the stars did it, but it has recently been discovered that Dung Beetles (AKA: The Ancient Egyptian Scarab, AKA: Khepri) use the stars, the sun and the moon to navigate. As well as used dung balls to roll around on (even rolling off small cliffs for fun), which probably taught humans how to make wheels.
In Ancient Egypt the Scarab Beetle was known as "Khepri" AKA: The Keeper. And this was an important icon to the Kemetic people. They saw the Beetle as a symbol for human growth. It starts as an egg, becomes a larva, then a Beetle. At which point it uses materials from other animals to care for its young and repeat the cycle. Basically representing the potential of the Children. They also believed it pushed the sun across the sky, so tracking it gives you hours. In ancient Egypt different hours were associated with different Gods.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dung_beetle#Scarab_in_ancient_Egypt
Basically, they viewed the Dung Beetle like modern people view butterflies. But they had a deeper relationship to it.
 
Something that a lot of people don't know about the Ancient Egyptians is that they were really REALLY in to math. They used Fractions for pretty much everything.
Here is the Eye of Wadjet, which represents all kinds of Fractions.
A lot of people don't even realize this, but they had games in Ancient Egypt. One of the main people who fist documented Egyptian artifacts was named Flinders Petrie, and one of his jobs was figuring out exactly how the games worked. He also had to identify things like weights that were used on scales. They had certain weights that they would know the weight of, then they would weigh it against Gold or Silver or whatever they were getting paid.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flinders_Petrie
The Egyptians learned Math from the Dung Beetle. They called him "Khepri" and worshiped him like a God. Dung Beetles use the Sun and the Stars and the Moon to Navigate, and watching the Dung Beetle draw in the sand is how the Egyptians first mapped the Sky. The Egyptians also pretended that there was a Beetle pushing the Sun through the Sky, this can be seen in the Solar Boat Imagery. The Solar Boat has the Planets and the Sun, and the Beetle, which shows how they saw that the Planets and the Sun were moving, while the stars were not. The Beetle was also similar to how modern people think of Butterflies. The Dung Beetle lays eggs in the Dung Ball, then they hatch and become Larva, then they grow in to beetles. This helped the Egyptians realize that people changes, and civilizations change, and no matter how hard you try, some things will always happen the same way.
A well known Measuring device in ancient Egypt was the Nileometer. This would flood when the Nile rose, allowing them to measure the exact volume of extra water.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilometer
Another example is the Sun Temples. Before we had Calendars, you would mark Holidays by creating a Structure that pointed to a spot in the sky. And when the Sun got to that spot, you would know it was that Holiday.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_sun_temple
The Goddess of Measuring and Record Keeping is Sheshat. She was an important Goddess to the Rope workers (possibly hemp growers), and Ropes were pretty much the most important measuring device in Egypt when it came to building things.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seshat

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